With Python as the programming language, it is possible to create single software to expose these different types of APIs. This is because Python source code looks like human understandable pseudo-code if written with care. It makes sense to expose the APIs in my P2P-SIP 39 peers project to support such behavior. In this post, I present some of my initial thoughts on how to implement the generic API.
Firstly, the existing SIP module (rfc3261.py) already has an easy to use source code API. This is further enhanced in additional modules such as voip.py for user-agent specific functions. In particular, the source code API exposes object-oriented classes such as Transaction, Dialog, Stack, etc., to perform the functions defined in various layers in RFC 3261.
Secondly, the high-level API such as CPL and SIP-CGI can be implemented using per-user scripts in python itself (instead of XML for CPL, for example). The SIP server or client can import the per-user script based on the request-URI of the request and handle the processing. An example script to perform redirect to voice mail is shown below:
event.location = URI('sip:email@example.com')
event.location = URI('sip:firstname.lastname@example.org')
e = event.action.proxy(timeout=10)
if e in ('busy', 'noanswer', 'failure'): redirect_to_voicemail(event)
Because of the un-safe nature of Python, we will lose a number of features provided by CPL, but nevertheless the programmable API is easy to read and write, and nicely integrates with the existing source code. Similar extensions can be built for user agent applications similar to the LESS programming API.
Thirdly, instead of having the SIP client or server import the per-user script, the client or server itself can be written in the script. The following example shows how to translate some parts of SER config script to create a new server scenario.
from sipapi import *
_debug = True # enable debug trace
open(('18.104.22.168', 5060)) # listen on this ip:port for incoming packets
# sanity check section
if event['Max-Forwards'] and int(event['Max-Forwards'].value) <= 0:
return event.action.reject(code=483, reason='Too many hops')
if len(str(event)) > 8192:
return event.action.reject(code=513, reason='Message overflow')
# this is used by sipsak to monitor the health of server
if event.method == 'OPTIONS':
if event['From'].uri.user == 'sipsak' and not event.uri.user:
run() # the loop to process the SIP listening point
Similar scripts can be written to create client scenarios similar to how sipp creates scenarios from configuration files.
I feel a generic SIP API will make the job of Python programmers easier, instead of having to learn new APIs and implement them in custom SIP servers and clients. In any case, the article just poses some ideas, and I will be happy to mentor any student who would like to work on this project!